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Design Codes & Standards



In Structural Engineering, code references and standards are the factors needed to make the design structurally safe and sound. These codes serve as a guideline in our design. The following are the American design codes and standards that you might be interested in. These are essential in the design criteria of Structural Design Engineering:

Seismic Analysis Reference Code:

There are three popular seismic codes as stated below that we are adopting in seismic analysis, the use of each is depending on the local building authority requirements:

Concrete Design Code References:

Minimum Design Load Requirements

  • Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures, 3rd Printing (Standard ASCE/SEI 7-10)
  • Minimum Design Loads and Associated Criteria for Buildings and Other Structures (Standards – ASCE/Sei)-New Release Version-2016

There’s a lot of code and standards available, according to its uses, but the Codes stated above are the basic code requirements in the structural designing. Other design codes and standards are as follows:

Steel Structure

AISC 303-05                          Code of Standard Practice for Steel Buildings and Bridges

AISC 360-05                          Specification for Structural Steel Buildings

AISC 341-10                          Seismic Provisions for Structural Steel Buildings

Material Codes for Concrete

CS EN 206-1:2000                Concrete Specification, performance, production and conformity

BS8500-2: 2006                   Complementary British Standard to BS EN 206-1

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BS4027: 1996                       Specification for Sulphate Resisting Portland cement

BS6699: 1992                       Specification for ground granulated blast furnace slag for use with Portland cement

BS EN 450-1:2005                Fly Ash for Concrete: Definitions, Specification, and Conformity Criteria

Material Codes for Steel Reinforcement

BS 4449:2005                       Steel for the reinforcement of concrete, weldable reinforcing steel, bar, coil, and recoiled products.

BS4483:2005                        Steel Fabric for the Reinforcement of Concrete

BS 8666: 2000                      Specification for scheduling, dimensioning, bending and cutting of steel reinforcement for concrete.

BS 5896:2012                       High tensile steel wire and strand for the prestressing of concrete, Specification

EN 10138-1                           Pre-stressing steels. General requirements

EN 10138-2                           Pre-stressing steels. Wire.

EN 10138-3                           Pre-stressing steels.  Strand.

EN 10138-4                           Pre-stressing Steels. Bars.

Steel Structures

BS EN 10025                         Hot rolled products of non-alloy structural steels – Technical Delivery Conditions

Design  Guidelines

BS 8004: 1986                      Code of practice for foundations

BS 8007: 1987                      Code of practice for design of concrete structures for retaining aqueous liquids

BS8102:2009                        Code of practice for protection of below ground structures against water from the ground

EN1992-3:2006                    Design of Concrete Structures – Part 3 Liquid Retaining and Containment Structures

Throughout the succeeding articles, we will go through the content in each of the code and standards necessary in structural designing. So stay tuned and subscribe to www.thestructuralworld.com for any updates.

Tell us your thoughts. Feel free to leave a message on the comment form below.


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  1. Peter Placzek

    Are you not “flogging a dead horse” with UBC-97? It is superseded multiple times by other codes IBC, ASCE, ….

    1. thestructuralworld (Post author)

      Hi Peter, UBC-97 is still widely use in some part of the world. In fact the tallest building in the world was analyze adopting the UBC-97 code provisions.


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